Discoveries in biology are playing a pivotal role in advancing human knowledge and understanding of the forms and phenomena of life and its processes. The biological sciences involve the study of the origins, growth, reproduction, structure and function of all living organisms and the environments they live within. In particular, the application of biological products and operations to the human condition has profoundly benefited mankind. These scientific advances are dwarfed, however, by the promise that future biological discoveries, particularly in bioinformatics and genomics, hold for understanding the science of life.